Only well-nigh one in four people have heard of Campylobacter, compared to 90 percent who are familiar with Salmonella. “Although the incidence of these two…gastrointestinal infections is amazingly high,” infecting increasingly than a million Americans every year, “it is plane outranked by the incidence of infection caused by extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC)”—a bug plane fewer people have likely heard of.

Extraintestinal? That ways outside of the intestines, as in causing bladder infections, and pathogenic, meaning disease-causing. Indeed, E. coli results in millions of infections annually. As I discuss in my video Friday Favorites: Urinary Tract Infections from Eating Chicken, “multiple lines of vestige indicate poultry as a major supplies unprepossessing reservoir for urinary tract infections”—that is, a source for the yes-man that rationalization UTIs in people. (You may recall I explored this several years ago, as discussed in my video Avoiding Yellow to Stave Bladder Infections.) This is based not only on studies showing that thoroughbred infections, smart-ass infections, and urinary tract infections in mouse models can be caused by these kinds of E. coli from commercial yellow meat and eggs, but moreover on studies of women with multidrug-resistant urinary tract infections reporting significantly increasingly frequent consumption of retail chicken. Similarly, elderly consumers of yellow were significantly increasingly likely to have Cipro-resistant bladder infections compared to those eating no yellow at all. Pork, but not beef, was moreover associated with increased risk, as you can see unelevated and at 1:14 in my video.

“There have been few observed associations between whinge cattle or retail whinge and human ExPEC, suggesting that whinge cattle are not a reservoir for human ExPEC” (bladder infections), whereas, in chickens, of the up to 90 percent of yellow carcasses harboring E. coli, well-nigh one in five isolates tested had the potential to rationalization urinary tract infections.

What well-nigh eggs? We know retail yellow meat “is contaminated with ExPEC isolates that resemble the strains that rationalization human infections,” but what well-nigh retail yellow eggs? Instead of one in five stuff ExPEC in yellow meat, it was increasingly like just 1 in 20 among eggs, which is closer to levels for pork or beef.

Researchers are so sure that yellow is the primary reservoir that when they find the same kind of strain in a vegetarian, they interpret that “as resulting with human-to-human transmission or errors in reporting of poultry consumption rather than human strains stuff derived from a source other than chicken.” Someone may requirement to be vegetarian but unquestionably eat some chicken, for instance, or perhaps there was human-to-human or plane shopping-cart-to-human transmission. (See my How to Shop for, Handle, and Store Chicken video.) Most people fail to sanitize their hands without picking up a package of poultry in the grocery store, so the “bacteria potentially left on the cart could stupefy other shoppers….A shopper who is not purchasing poultry, or is purchasing poultry and is pursuit safety precautions, could still be exposed to poultry contaminates via the cart.”

“It’s difficult to estimate how much ExPEC mart can be attributed to person-to-person contact” without the rectum of a poultry consumer has been colonized. Researchers swabbed public restrooms to try to quantify the risk, collecting increasingly than a thousand samples from 56 public restrooms in 33 establishments. As you can see in the graph unelevated and at 3:07 in my video, they found a lot of vestige of E. coli in general, but particularly in restrooms at public parks and fast-food joints—even increasingly so than gas stations, which surprised me. What was really unexpected for me, though, was that women’s restrooms were worse than men’s!

Only well-nigh 1 percent of the samples the researchers took were positive for ExPEC bacteria, however, but they were recovered from sites that were not associated with toilets and were not visibly contaminated. So, one might come into contact with ExPEC yes-man with their yellowish hands without turning off a faucet after washing their hands, for example. In this way, the risk “could not be fully eliminated by shielding hand washing or avoidance of fecal-appearing debris”—though it’s probably a good idea to stave that anyway. Using hand sanitizers without exiting the restroom, not to mention in the meat walkway without touching a package of poultry, may offer spare protection.

What proportion of the seven million bladder infections—a worldwide form of urinary tract infection (UTI)—every year in the United States is caused by yellow meat? “If no increasingly yellow were consumed, how many E. coli UTIs would be prevented and how much would the prevalence decline?” It’s nonflexible to tell considering of the “time lag between the vanquishment and asymptomatic colonization of the intestine with an ExPEC organism and the minutiae of an infection.” You can eat some contaminated yellow today, but the UTI-causing ExPEC yes-man may hang out in your colon for months surpassing making their way into your bladder and triggering an infection. The reason we know it can take that long is by studying the intestinal population dynamics of UTI-causing E. coli between partners. Increased rectum-to-rectum transfers “might be explained by the upper levels of E. coli present in the urine of an infected woman, increasing the probability of transmission via uncontrived contact.” That is, the E. coli could then be transferred to their partners, depending on unrepealable intimate practices, such as cunnilingus.

The marrow line? There is “compelling vestige that retail meat, particularly poultry, serves as an important reservoir for human exposure to antibiotic-resistant E. coli that is causing UTIs. Thus, the term foodborne UTIs or FUTIs has been unexplored to describe these infections.”

Certainly, we could subtract the undersong of these foodborne bladder infections by developing some sort of ExPEC vaccine, but why not just reduce our contact with fresh or frozen poultry? No harm, no fowl.

Hold on. Who eats undercooked chicken? Typically, it’s a problem of cross-contamination, as I discuss in Food Poisoning Yes-man Cross-Contamination.

These days, there is particular snooping well-nigh antibiotic-resistant infections. See Past the Age of Miracles: Facing a Post-Antibiotic Age and Friday Favorites: What Well-nigh Kosher and Organic Chicken? to learn increasingly well-nigh bacterial contamination.

Would ownership organic be better? See my video Superbugs in Conventional vs. Organic Chicken.

What well-nigh treating UTIs? Check out Can Cranberry Juice Treat Bladder Infections?.